House GOP Passes Bill to Restrict Presidential Powers on Iran Sanctions

House Republicans passed the Iran Sanctions Relief Review Act, which makes the President have to report to Congress before he can end or change any sanctions on Iran and stops him from doing so without Congress's agreement for 30 to 60 days.

This is about a bill called the "Iran Sanctions Relief Review Act of 2023." It sets rules for how the U.S. government decides to stop or change the sanctions on Iran. These sanctions are like penalties or restrictions that have been placed on Iran by the U.S. for different reasons, including concerns about nuclear programs and human rights.

The main point of this bill is to make sure that Congress, which is part of the U.S. government that makes laws, gets to review and approve any major changes to these sanctions. Here are the key points:

  1. Before the President of the United States can stop or change any of these sanctions, he must send a report to Congress. This report needs to explain what action the President wants to take and why.
  2. There are specific types of sanctions this applies to, including those from the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, and several others.
  3. The President's report must also say if this action will significantly change U.S. foreign policy toward Iran or not. If it will, the report has to provide more details, like how U.S. policy will change and how this might affect U.S. national security.
  4. Congress then has 30 days, and in some cases 60 days, to review the report. During this time, they can hold hearings and get more information. The President cannot make any changes to the sanctions until Congress agrees.
  5. If Congress does not agree with the President's plan, they can pass a "joint resolution of disapproval". If they pass this resolution, the President cannot go ahead with the action.
  6. The only way the President can move forward without Congress's approval during this review period is if a specific approval resolution is passed by Congress.

Overall, this bill makes it necessary for the President to get approval from Congress before making significant changes to the sanctions on Iran. It ensures that there is a clear process and that decisions are made carefully with national security in mind.

419 votes
Yes278
No141
Not Voting12
Apr 17, 2024, 06:00 PM (Washington D.C.)
0
  1. Motion to reconsider laid on the table Agreed to without objection.
  2. On passage Passed by the Yeas and Nays: 278 - 141 (Roll no. 138).
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  3. Passed/agreed to in House On passage Passed by the Yeas and Nays: 278 - 141 (Roll no. 138).
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  4. Considered as unfinished business.
  5. POSTPONED PROCEEDINGS - At the conclusion of debate on H.R. 4691, the Chair put the question on passage of the bill and by voice vote, announced the ayes had prevailed. Mr. McCaul demanded the yeas and nays and the Chair postponed further proceedings until a time to be announced.
  6. The previous question was ordered pursuant to the rule.
  7. DEBATE - The House proceeded with one hour of debate on H.R. 4691.
  8. Rule provides for consideration of H.R. 6323, H. Res. 1143, H.R. 4691, H.R. 5947, H.R. 6046 and H.R. 4639. The resolution provides for consideration of H.R. 6323, H. Res. 1143, H.R. 4691, H.R. 5947, and H.R. 6046 under a closed rule, and for consideration of H.R. 4639 under a structured rule. The resolution provides for one hour of debate on each measure and one motion to recommit on H.R. 6323, H.R. 4691, H.R. 5947, H.R. 6046, and H.R. 4639.
  9. Considered under the provisions of rule H. Res. 1149.
  10. Rules Committee Resolution H. Res. 1149 Reported to House. Rule provides for consideration of H.R. 6323, H. Res. 1143, H.R. 4691, H.R. 5947, H.R. 6046 and H.R. 4639. The resolution provides for consideration of H.R. 6323, H. Res. 1143, H.R. 4691, H.R. 5947, and H.R. 6046 under a closed rule, and for consideration of H.R. 4639 under a structured rule. The resolution provides for one hour of debate on each measure and one motion to recommit on H.R. 6323, H.R. 4691, H.R. 5947, H.R. 6046, and H.R. 4639.
  11. Ordered to be Reported by the Yeas and Nays: 34 - 16.
  12. Committee Consideration and Mark-up Session Held
  13. Introduced in House

    This is about a bill called the "Iran Sanctions Relief Review Act of 2023." It sets rules for how the U.S. government decides to stop or change the sanctions on Iran. These sanctions are like penalties or restrictions that have been placed on Iran by the U.S. for different reasons, including concerns about nuclear programs and human rights.

    The main point of this bill is to make sure that Congress, which is part of the U.S. government that makes laws, gets to review and approve any major changes to these sanctions. Here are the key points:

    1. Before the President of the United States can stop or change any of these sanctions, he must send a report to Congress. This report needs to explain what action the President wants to take and why.
    2. There are specific types of sanctions this applies to, including those from the Iran Sanctions Act of 1996, the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010, and several others.
    3. The President's report must also say if this action will significantly change U.S. foreign policy toward Iran or not. If it will, the report has to provide more details, like how U.S. policy will change and how this might affect U.S. national security.
    4. Congress then has 30 days, and in some cases 60 days, to review the report. During this time, they can hold hearings and get more information. The President cannot make any changes to the sanctions until Congress agrees.
    5. If Congress does not agree with the President's plan, they can pass a "joint resolution of disapproval". If they pass this resolution, the President cannot go ahead with the action.
    6. The only way the President can move forward without Congress's approval during this review period is if a specific approval resolution is passed by Congress.

    Overall, this bill makes it necessary for the President to get approval from Congress before making significant changes to the sanctions on Iran. It ensures that there is a clear process and that decisions are made carefully with national security in mind.

  14. Referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and in addition to the Committees on Financial Services, the Judiciary, Oversight and Accountability, Ways and Means, and Rules, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.
  15. Introduced in House